Social TV Dictionary
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IPTV DictionarySocial TV Dictionary. Over 10,000 of the latest Social TV Terms and Definitions along with
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Sample Definitions

Ad Personalization-Ad personalization is the process of modifying promotional information (such as an Internet ad or TV commercial) to better match the personal interests of the intended recipient..
Digital Television (DTV)-A process or system that transmits video images through the use of digital transmission. The digital transmission is divided into channels for digital video and audio. These digital channels are usually compressed. Video compression commonly uses one of the motion picture experts group (MPEG) standards to reduce the data transmission rate by a factor of 200:1.
Advanced Television Services-Advanced Television Services are television services that are provided using alternative technologies (such as digital television). Advanced television services are defined the report: "Advanced Television Systems and Their Impact Upon the Existing Television Broadcast Service", MM Docket 87-268.
Analog Telephone Adapter (ATA)-Analog Telephone Adapter (ATA) is a device that converts analog telephone signals into another format (such as digital Internet protocol). These adapter boxes may provide a single function such as providing Internet telephone service or they may convert digital signals into several different forms such as audio, data, and video. When adapter boxes convert into multiple information forms, they may be called multimedia terminal adapters (MTAs) or integrated access devices (IADs).
Analog telephone adapters (ATA) must convert both the audio signals (voice) and control signals (such as touch tone or hold requests) into forms that can be sent and received via the Internet.
Analog Television Adapter (ATVA)-Analog Television Adapter (ATVA) is a device that converts digital multimedia signals (such as MPEG) into analog television signals (such as NTSC or PAL). These adapter boxes may provide a single function such as providing Internet television service or they may convert digital signals into several different forms such as audio, data, and video. When adapter boxes convert into multiple information forms, they may be called multimedia terminal adapters (MTAs) or integrated access devices (IADs). Analog television adapters (ATA) must convert video, audio, and control signals (such as requests for changing channels) into forms that can be sent and received via data networks such as the Internet.
Behavioral TV Ad Targeting-Behavioral ad targeting uses information gathered about the activities of a person (such viewing navigation and media consumption) to change the promotions or offers with the objective of increasing the effectiveness of the advertising campaign.
Data Multicasting-Data multicasting is the process of transmitting media channels to a number of users through the use of multiple distributed channels.
Digital Television (DTV)-A process or system that transmits video images through the use of digital transmission. The digital transmission is divided into channels for digital video and audio. These digital channels are usually compressed. Video compression commonly uses one of the motion picture experts group (MPEG) standards to reduce the data transmission rate by a factor of 200:1.
Digital Rights Management (DRM)-Digital rights management is a system of access control and copy protection used to control the distribution of digital media. DRM involves the control of physical access to information, identity validation (authentication), service authorization, and media protection (encryption).
Digital Video-Digital video is a sequence of picture signals (frames) that are represented by binary data (bits) that describe a finite set of color and luminance levels. Sending a digital video picture involves the conversion of a scanned image to digital information that is transferred to a digital video receiver. The digital information contains characteristics of the video signal and the position of the image (bit location) that will be displayed.
Home Media Networks (HMN)-A home media network is the equipment and software that is used to transfer data and other media in a customer's facility or home. A home network may be used to connect terminals (computers) and media devices (such as TV set top boxes) to each other and to wide area network connections. Home networks may use a mix of wired Ethernet, wireless LAN, powerline, coaxial and phone lines to transfer data or media.
Interactive Television (ITV)-Interactive television is the providing of video services that allows for the user to control part or all of the viewing experience.
Internet Protocol Broadcast (IP Broadcast)-A data packet that uses a frame address mask of 255.255.255.255 to identify it is intended for broadcast distribution. This allows devices within the network to identify broadcast messages and inhibits routers from constantly circulating packets through the network. The use of the address mask inhibits the normal transmission of the data packet through routers because routing protocols use the zeros at the end of the subnet mask number to identify the subnet. Because of the subnet mask (11111111.11111111.11111111.11111111 equals 255.255.255.255), the end of the address does not contain any zeros.
Internet Protocol Television (IPTV)-Internet protocol television (IPTV) is the process of providing television (video and/or audio) services through the use Internet protocol (IP) networks. These IP networks initiate, process, and receive voice or multimedia communications using IP protocol. These IP systems may be public IP systems (e.g. the Internet), private data systems (e.g. LAN based), or a hybrid of public and private systems.
Internet Protocol Video (IP Video)-IP video is the transfer of video information in IP packet data format.
Internet Television Service Provider (ITVSP)-Internet Television Service Providers (ITVSPs) are companies that provide television or video services that connect through the Internet or other types of data networks. ITVSPs setup and manage television services between multimedia computers, televisions with adapters, or integrated IP television devices and media sources.
Internet TV (iTV)-Internet TV is a Television service that is provided through the Internet.
Internet Video-Internet video is the transfer of video information through the Internet in IP packet data format.
IP Multicast-An Internet protocol that is used to broadcast the same message to multiple recipients. An IP multicast message is transferred to all the members within pre-defined group.
IP Television (IP TV)-IP television is the transmission of digital video and audio through data networks, usually through the Internet. IP television services may be on a subscription basis (paid for by the recipient) or may be funded by commercials or government agencies. IP television broadcasters transmit multimedia data signals to end users or to distribution points that redirect the digital television signals to end users.
IPTV Testing-IPTV testing is the performing of measurements or observations of a device, system or service that provides television service through data networks to validate its successful operation and/or performance.
Motion Picture Expert Group (MPEG)
-Motion picture experts group (MPEG) standards are digital video encoding processes that coordinate the transmission of multiple forms of media (multimedia). Motion picture experts group (MPEG) is a working committee that defines and develops industry standards for digital video systems. These standards specify the data compression and decompression processes and how they are delivered on digital broadcast systems.
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Packet Video-Packet video is the transfer of video information in packet data format.
Personal Media Channel (PMC)-A personal media channel is a communication service that allows a media user (e.g. viewer) to select and view media (typically video or music) from a variety of media sources.
Set Top Box (STB)-An electronic device that adapts a communications medium to a format that is accessible by the end user. Set top boxes are commonly located in a customers home to allow the reception of video signals on a television or computer.
Social Program Guide (SPG)-Social program guides are TV channel listing display that uses information from shared networks to display recommended lists of available content media.
Social Television (Social TV)-Social TV is the merging of television broadcast and social networks to provide a viewing experience where people can see, interact, and/or interact with shared media. Social TV can range from displaying summarized social media information (live poll results) to customizing advertising messages based on viewer social network connections and media engagement history.
Social TV Content Mediation-Social TV content mediation s the gathering, identifying, tagging, authorizing, and processing of content for use in media programs.
Social TV Ratings Service-A Social TV ratings service is a company or system that gathers television engagement information and feedback which is used to evaluate the number and social behaviors of viewers.
Television Gateway-A television gateway is a communications device or assembly that transforms audio and video that is received from a television system (e.g. broadcast television) into a format that can be used by a different network. A television gateway usually has more intelligence (processing function) than a data bridge as it can select the audio and video compression coders and adjust the protocols and timing between two dissimilar computer systems or video over data networks.
Video Conferencing-A process of conducting a face-to-face meeting between two or more people in different locations through the use of telecommunications circuits and equipment that allows video and audio communications. Video conferencing usually requires real-time two-way transmission of audio and video communications between two or more locations. Transmitted video images may be in the form of full TV-quality images or freeze frame still images, where the picture is repainted every few seconds.
Video On Demand (VOD)-A service that provides end users to interactively request and receive video services. These video services are from previously stored media (entertainment movies or education videos) or have a live connection (news events in real time).
Video Server (VS)-The video server is an application server that provides video and/or specialized television capabilities. Video servers receive requests for video and/or media delivery, find the matching media, and deliver the video program as requested.
Video Streaming-A real-time system for delivering video, usually along with synchronized accompanying audio, typically over the internet. Upon request, a server system will deliver a stream of video and audio (both compressed) to a client. The client will receive the data stream and (after a short buffering delay) decode the video and audio and play them in synchronization to a user.

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Social TV Books

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IPTV Basics

This book explains how to provide television services over IP data networks. IPTV video technology is explained including video compression (MPEG, AVC, VC-1) and how IP video transmission is different than broadcast video. 

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IPTV Business Opportunities

This book contains industry research and analysis that shows how to profit from IPTV. Services covered include new programming sources (specialty, international, ethnic), 10x ad revenue (addressable advertising), integrated television commerce (t-commerce) and supporting services (BSS and OSS).

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Introduction to MPEG

This book explains the basics of audio and video digitization and compression and the standard formats that are used be MPEG. You will learn about the different MPEG audio coders and video coder options.

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Introduction to Data Multicasting

This book explains how multicasting systems operate, ways to form distribution trees, and group management. The different types of multicast protocols are explained along with how multicast systems can provide reliable services with different levels of quality of service. 

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Introduction to Digital Rights Management (DRM)

This book covers how digital rights management systems identify, track, authorize and restrict access to digital media. You will learn how DRM systems help to protect and enforce copyrights, patents, trademarks, and other forms of intellectual property.

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Home Media Networks

This book explains the different types of home media data transmission types including telephone line, power line wireless and coaxial lines and wired data lines. Discover the different types of access control systems used in home networks including random data access and reserved media control.

 

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Digital TV

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Light Reading

TeleStrat, Minerva Team on IPTV

Microsoft TV

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Portals Magazine

  IPTV: Broadcasting over Broadband (79 pages)

CED

  H.264 and IPTV over DSL: Enabling New Telco Revenue Opportunities (12 pages)

 

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